Patient Education

How do kidneys fail?

KidneyMany factors that influence the speed of kidney failure are not completely understood. Researchers are still studying how protein in the diet and cholesterol levels in the blood affect kidney function.

Acute Renal Failure
Some kidney problems occur quickly, like an accident that injures the kidneys. Losing a lot of blood can cause sudden kidney failure. Some drugs or poisons can make your kidneys stop working. These sudden drops in kidney function are called Acute Renal Failure (ARF).
ARF may lead to permanent loss of kidney function. But if your kidneys are not seriously damaged, acute renal failure may be reversed.
Chronic kidney disease
Most kidney problems, however, occur slowly. You may have "silent" kidney disease for years. Gradual loss of kidney function is called Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) or chronic renal insufficiency. People with CKD may go on to permanent kidney failure.
End-stage renal disease
The condition of total or nearly total and permanent kidney failure is called End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). People with ESRD must undergo dialysis or transplantation to stay alive.
Are you at increased risk for CKD?
Yes if you have,
High blood pressure
Stone disorder
Family history of CKD
If you are on painkillers for long time or Ayurvedic Bhasmas
What should I do if I'm at increased risk of CKD?
Control diabetes
Control hypertension (High Blood Pressure) regularly.
Lose excess weight by following a healthy diet & regular exercise programme.
Quit smoking & drinking alcohol.
Avoid self medication e.g. Pain killers
Modify your diet as per your dietician's & doctor's advice